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Alt-R™ HDR Donor Oligos

Enhanced Ultramer™ DNA oligos specifically built for homology-directed repair (HDR) in research applications

Our proprietary synthesis process delivers HDR-ready oligos of high quality up to 200 bases manufactured under ISO 9001 standards. For longer HDR donors, you can order our Alt-R HDR Donor Blocks. Alt-R HDR Donor Oligos are available in tube or plate formats.

  • Single-stranded DNA oligos built for homology-directed repair (HDR)
  • Ideal for introducing point mutations or short insertions
  • Optimized through extensive wet-bench testing
  • Available for human, mouse, rat, zebrafish, and C. elegans 



HDR Positive Controls

Use the HDR positive controls below along with the Alt-R HDR Donor Oligos to help determine the HDR efficiency in your experiments. HDR positive controls provide different crRNA and scale options, and include tracrRNA along with human or mouse donor oligos. See the product sheet for additional information; research protocol details about the HDR positive controls are available in the Resources tab below.

Guide RNAHuman (Homo sapiens)Mouse (Mus musculus)
Alt-R™ CRISPR-Cas9 crRNAAdd to CartAdd to Cart
Alt-R™ CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA XTAdd to CartAdd to Cart
Alt-R™ CRISPR-Cas9 sgRNAAdd to CartAdd to Cart

Alt-R HDR Design Tool

If you don’t have a template design of your own, use our Alt-R HDR Design Tool to design your template. Simply provide basic information about your target site, and then use the tool to design and visualize your desired edit within the sequence. The Alt-R HDR Design Tool will provide the recommended HDR donor template along with gRNA(s) for your specifications.

Homology-directed repair (HDR) donors

IDT provides different HDR donor options for researchers to select from, depending on the specific needs of their application:

  • No modification—standard DNA
  • PS modification—4 phosphorothioate bonds: 5′–N*N*NNN…NNN*N*N–3′, where * represents a PS bond and N are DNA bases
  • Alt-R HDR modification—IDT’s proprietary modification pattern developed through extensive testing to increase donor oligo stability and enable the highest rate of repair

Alt-R HDR Donor Oligos improve HDR efficiency

The HDR rates from experiments using 3 different donor options were compared. Donor oligos with Alt-R HDR modifications showed increased HDR rates compared to other formats and gave the highest HDR rates (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Alt-R HDR donors improve HDR efficiency over other donor types. HeLa and Jurkat cells were electroporated with 2 µM Cas9 RNP complexes (Alt-R S.p. HiFi Cas9 Nuclease V3 complexed with Alt-R CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA and tracrRNA) targeting 4 genomic loci along with 0.5 µM single-stranded HDR donor template using the Nucleofection™ System (Lonza). Donor templates contained no modifications (Unmodified), 4 phosphorothioate linkages (2 at each end of the template; PS-modified), or the Alt-R HDR modification (Alt-R HDR–modified). Genomic DNA was isolated 48 hours (HeLa) or 72 hours (Jurkat) after electroporation, and HDR efficiency was measured by amplicon sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq® system (v2 chemistry, 150 bp paired-end reads).

Alt-R HDR modified donors and Alt-R HDR Enhancer lead to higher HDR rates

We investigated whether combining Alt-R HDR Enhancer with Alt-R modifications of HDR donor oligos would improve HDR rates further. Our data demonstrated that this works well, leading to higher HDR rates (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Alt-R HDR modified donors and Alt-R HDR Enhancer have an additive effect on HDR improvement. RNP complexes (2 μM) targeting three genomic loci (MYC, HPRT, and SAA1) along with 0.5 μM single-stranded Alt-R HDR donor oligo were delivered to HeLa cells by electroporation with 3 μM Alt-R Cas9 Electroporation Enhancer using the 4D-Nucleofector™ System (Lonza). The RNP complex comprised Alt-R S.p. HiFi Cas9 Nuclease V3 complexed with Alt-R CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA and tracrRNA. Unmodified, PS modified, or Alt-R HDR modified donor templates were used. Immediately after electroporation, cells were plated in media with either no treatment, 30 μM Alt-R HDR Enhancer (V1), or 1 μM HDR Enhancer V2. Genomic DNA was isolated 48 hours after electroporation, and HDR efficiency was measured by amplicon sequencing on an Illumina™ MiSeq™ system (v2 chemistry, 150 bp paired-end reads). The highest HDR rate was achieved with the combination of the Alt-R HDR Donor and HDR Enhancer V2.

User guides and protocols

Legacy protocols/guides for Alt-R HDR Enhancer can be found here.

Application notes and case studies

Brochures and flyers


Frequently asked questions

Safety Data Sheets

*RUO—For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Unless otherwise agreed to in writing, IDT does not intend for these products to be used in clinical applications and does not warrant their fitness or suitability for any clinical diagnostic use. Purchaser is solely responsible for all decisions regarding the use of these products and any associated regulatory or legal obligations.